As well as the four World Heritage Sites in Nepal, there are also a range of monuments and landmarks on the UNESCO World Heritage Site tentative list.
World Heritage Sites in Nepal – Sites on the Tentative List
The following sites in Nepal are properties that each State Party intends to consider for nomination.
The early medieval architectural complex of Panauti (1996)
The main Indresvar Mahadev temple was built in A.D. 1294 in the typical Nepalese style. The 17th century Brahmayani temple, as well as other temples, patis, sattals, inscriptions, sculptures, and traditional dwellings, are among the other structures.
Tilaurakot, the archaeological remains of ancient Shakya Kingdom (1996)
Tilaurakot is made out of the ruins of the Shakya Kingdom’s ancient metropolis of Kapilavastu. It was here that Gautama Buddha spent 29 years of his life. Three palaces are among the relics, one of which belongs to Gautama Buddha’s father.</h5
Cave architecture of Muktinath Valley of Mustang (1996)
The cave architecture of Mustang’s Muktinath Valley includes around 10,000 man-made caves. They contain partially mummified human bodies and skeletons dating from at least 2,000 to 3,000 years ago, as well as mediaeval Buddhist paintings and artefacts. In the former independent kingdom of (Upper) Mustang, the caverns are located on the high valley cliffs along the Kali Gandaki River.
The medieval palace complex of Gorkha (1996)
The location is a one-of-a-kind hilltop environment. The mediaeval palace, Gorakhnath Cave, Kalika Temple, and other monuments are among the attractions.
Ramagrama, the relic stupa of Lord Buddha (1996)
The only undisturbed original stupa containing Lord Buddha’s relics. Built in the 6th century B.C. and then expanded by being encased in bricks, the site includes adjacent monasteries.
Khokana, the vernacular village and its mustard-oil seed industrial heritage (1996)
Khokana is a one-of-a-kind village that serves as a model for a mediaeval settlement design, complete with drainage and chowks. There are chaityas here, as well as a Mother Godess temple. The village’s mustard-oil seed industry has become a living heritage.
Medieval Earthern Walled City of Lo Manthang (2008)
Lo Manthang, the former capital of the Kingdom of Lo, was built on a plateau 3800 metres above sea level in the 15th century. The town is situated along a historic trade route that follows the Kali Gandaki River across the Himalayas. The palaces and monasteries of Jampa Lakhang and Thupchen Lakhang from the 15th century, as well as the monastery of Choede Lakhang from the 18th century, are the primary monuments within the walls.
Vajrayogini and early settlement of Sankhu (2008)
The settlement of Sankhu lies on the northeastern corner of the Kathmandu Valley on the ancient trade route to Tibet and dates back to the Lichchhavi period (2nd to 9th Century AD). It retains its medieval character with narrow streets, public squares, tiered temples and resthouses. The mid-17th Century Vajrayogini temple complex is situated on the hills 1.5 km north of Sankhu. The main tiered temple is surrounded by several monuments and freestanding statues and is dedicated to the tantic goddess Vajrayogini.
Medieval Settlement of Kirtipur (2008)
Kirtipur is a mediaeval village nestled on a short hill in the Kathmandu Valley’s southwest corner. The mediaeval Newari hamlet was built in the style of a fort.
Rishikesh Complex of Ruru Kshetra (2008)
On the historic route to Muktinath and Damodar Kunda, the Hindu pilgrimage and crematory centre referenced in legendary epics is located. Rishikesh’s living tradition of Ruru Kshetra is still conserved, with fairs and celebrations held on a regular basis.
World Heritage Sites in Nepal – tentative list continued.
Nuwakot Palace Complex (2008)
The 18th-century Nuwakot Palace Complex lies on the ancient trade route from the Kathmandu Valley to Tibet. The palace was built in the Malla style of architecture with fort-like characteristics.
Ram Janaki Temple (2008)
The current Ram Janaki Temple at Janakpur is said to be the birthplace of Goddess Sita, Lord Rama’s spouse, according to Vedic tradition. The Ram Janaki Temple is one of Hinduism’s holiest sites.
The Medieval Town of Tansen (2008)
Tansen is a typical traditional town of Western Nepal and dates from around the 11th Century AD. The town developed as a market centre for the Newari traders and artisans famous for their metal and dhaka (cloth) industry. The settlement boasts numerous temples, monasteries and sculptures.
Sinja Valley (2008)
The archaeological evidence of the capital city of the Western Malla or Khasa Kingdom during the 12th and 14th centuries can be found in Sinja Valley. The Nepali language originated in the Sinja Valley, and the earliest specimens of the Devanagari script, dating from the 13th century, were discovered on the cliffs and in adjacent Dullu.
Bhurti Temple Complex of Dailekh (2008)
The Bhurti temple complex, located in the Dailekh District of Western Nepal, is made up of 22 monuments. The temples are built in the traditional Western Malla architectural style.